A keloid scar is a thick, raised scar. Although it can develop anywhere there is an injury; it usually occurs on the earlobes, cheeks, shoulders, or chest. If you are prone to getting keloids, they may appear in multiple locations.
Although keloid scars are not physically harmful, they can still be disturbing. The key is early detection or prevention. It is possible to treat keloid scars. The growth of a keloid can be reduced with early treatment.
If you don't like how your keloid scar feels or looks, consult a skin specialist in Faridabad to treat a keloid. At KDC Clinic, Dr. Archit Aggarwal offers advanced and effective keloid treatment in Faridabad.
Moreover, Dr. Archit Aggarwal is a competent dermatologist in Faridabad who focuses on providing the best keloid treatment. The KDC Clinic is outfitted with state-of-the-art infrastructure and cutting-edge technology. It helps us to offer our clients precise results, improving their appearance and boosting their self-confidence.
Read on to learn more about keloid scars, their symptoms, causes, and treatment options.
Skin cells try to heal an injury or wound by developing a scar. In some individuals, the scar tissue develops years after the wound has healed. This additional scar tissue brings on the raised spot on your skin, known as a keloid. It can be pink, red, skin-colored, or darker than the nearby skin.
Symptoms of Keloid Scars
A keloid scar may develop within months to years of the initiating injury.
The following signs and symptoms could appear:
- Thick, asymmetrical scarring, usually on the earlobes, cheeks, shoulders, or middle chest.
- Hairless, lumpy, shiny, raised skin.
- Differing sizes depend on the initial injury's severity and when the keloid stops growing.
- Reddish, brown, or purplish, depending on your skin color.
- Widely varying texture, from soft to rubbery and firm.
Causes of Keloid Scars
The exact cause of keloids is still unknown. However, a keloid can develop from a variety of skin injuries, including:
- Puncture wounds, cuts, severe acne, surgical scars, chicken pox, injection sites, insect bites, piercings, and tattoos.
- If you are a teen going through puberty, younger than 30 years, pregnant, or if you have a family history of keloids, you are more likely to develop a keloid.
- 15% to 20% of people with darker skin may develop keloids.
Diagnosis of Keloids
Dr. Archit Aggarwal typically diagnoses keloids after reviewing your medical history and visually observing the scar to determine its size, shape, and growth pattern.
To rule out more severe conditions like lobomycosis, a fungal skin infection, or nodular scleroderma, a form of connective tissue disease, the doctor may also perform a skin biopsy.
Treatment Options for Keloids
Not all keloids respond well to the same treatments. Dr. Archit Aggarwal often plans keloid scar treatment in Faridabad based on the patient’s age and type of keloid.
Since keloids are challenging to eradicate, using multiple types of treatment usually yields better results. Hence, Dr. Archit Aggarwal often advises patients to undergo two or more different types of keloid treatment in Faridabad.
There are several options to treat keloid scars:
- Cryotherapy: Small keloids respond best to this treatment. It involves freezing the keloid from the inside out. This process is frequently used before or following corticosteroid injections to increase the effectiveness of the injections.
- Pressure Therapy: It entails applying pressure and decreasing the blood flow to the affected area to prevent keloid recurrence using a device or specialized clothing. Although effective, many people find it challenging to adhere to this treatment, frequently used after surgery. Inconvenient as they may be, these devices must be worn for six to twelve months.
- Radiation Therapy: Following surgery, low-dose radiation therapy may aid in preventing the scar from recurrence.
- Laser Therapy: High-intensity light beams are used to shrink keloid lesions and lighten their appearance. Corticosteroid injections or pressure therapy are two treatments that are often combined with laser therapy.
- Ligature: It involves tying a surgical thread around the keloid, cutting off the blood supply, and eventually causing the keloid to fall off on its own.
- Surgery: In addition to surgery, other treatments, like silicone treatments or corticosteroid injections, are frequently used because mostly keloids recur after surgical removal.
- Corticosteroids injections: To lessen swelling, itchiness, and tenderness, these injections are given into the keloid to help reduce inflammation and constrict blood vessels.
- Silicone Patches and Gels: The silicone-based therapies help to minimize the size and color of keloid scars and flatten them.
For every patient, different keloid treatments are effective. You should discuss the best course for keloid treatment in Faridabad with your doctor.