Freckles are harmless, small brown spots on your skin that are mostly caused due to sun exposure and genetics. It usually shows up in childhood, and as you grow up, it may become less noticeable.
But that’s not always the case. For some, freckles are here to stay. Fortunately, there are ways to lighten or remove them. Dr. Archit Aggarwal, a leading dermatologist and founder of KDC Clinic, provides the best freckles treatment in Faridabad.
He specializes in treating various skin conditions, including vitiligo, eczema, keloids, pigmentation, etc. He excels in cosmetic procedures, PRP, lasers, and FUE hair transplants.
Continue reading to learn about the causes and types of freckles and effective freckles treatment in Faridabad.
Freckles are brown circular dots on your skin that occur due to the overproduction of melanin, the pigment that gives skin and hair its color. They mainly develop on lighter skin tone as a result of excess sun exposure. Generally, people with fairer complexion and lighter hair color are more prone to get them.
Freckles are mostly seen on the face, neck, arms, chest, and back. They are more prominent in the summers and tend to fade away in winters. If your freckles are bothering you and you wish to have a clearer complexion, you should visit KDC Clinic for safe and affordable freckles treatment in Faridabad.
Let’s begin with what causes freckles?
Freckles form due to the build-up of melanin under the skin. They may appear red, brown, or tan. The leading causes of freckles are:
- Sun exposure
Prolonged exposure to the sun can cause freckles. In order to protect the skin from harmful UV rays, the skin increases the production of melanin.
Freckles can be hereditary. It depends on the type of melanin your body produces. Pheomelanin and eumelanin are the two types of melanin the body has, and it relies on the gene called MC1R. Eumelanin protects the skin from harmful sun rays and is usually present in people with darker skin tone and hair who are less prone to develop freckles.
On the other hand, pheomelanin does not protect the skin from sun damage and is present in people with lighter skin tone and hair, who are more likely to develop freckles.
What are the different types of freckles?
Freckles are of two types:
- They are genetic
- They appear in your childhood when you are around 2 to 3 years old.
- They may disappear as you age
- They are about 1-2 millimeters in size
- They appear when you get older, mostly above 40 years
- They are referred to as sunspots or age spots
- They do not go away
- They occur due to ageing or sun exposure
When should you see a dermatologist for freckles?
Freckles are not a skin problem and do not need treatment. But many people do not like having freckles and want flawless skin. Dr. Archit Aggarwal offers advanced and effective freckles treatment in Faridabad that gives you a blemish-free skin tone.
You will further need to consult a dermatologist if your freckles:
- Are sore
- Have become raised
- They are asymmetrical and have jagged borders
- They have started to change size and color
- Are larger than 6 millimeters.
What are the different options for freckles treatment in Faridabad?
Freckles are often confused with other skin spots like sunspots, moles, and age spots. Moles increase the risk of melanoma, and it is better to visit a dermatologist to get it checked.
As for freckles treatment in Faridabad, you can visit Dr. Archit Aggarwal, a prominent dermatologist having extensive knowledge in complex skin diseases and conditions. He will consider a combination of the following therapies to treat them.
Topical fading cream
Fading cream, also referred to as bleaching cream, helps lighten freckles. They contain hydroquinone, a substance that suppresses melanin production, thereby helping diminish the freckles.
However, it would help if you used it under a doctor’s supervision as it may cause dryness, blisters, burns, inflammation, and skin discoloration.
Retinoids are the compound of vitamin A. They absorb the harmful ultraviolet B radiation and prevent the formation of new freckles. Retinoids also lighten freckles and improve the appearance of sun-damaged skin.
You need to be careful while using retinoids as they can cause dryness, redness, sensitivity, peeling, and skin irritation.
Laser treatment uses intense, focused light to target the freckle-affected skin. For the treatment, the doctor can use different types of lasers. Q-Switched Nd YAG has shown promising results in treating freckles.
Laser treatment is primarily safe. However, there are a few side effects: redness, infection, swelling, crustiness, and peeling.
The dermatologist will use chemicals to exfoliate the upper layer of the skin to reveal a new, smooth, flawless skin beneath. Moderate peels containing trichloroacetic acid or glycolic acid are used to target the middle layers of the skin.
Chemical peels cause temporary side effects like redness, stinging, irritation, crusting, and peeling. It takes about two weeks to heal, and you should avoid direct sunlight till then. The doctor may prescribe topical ointment for quicker recovery.
The dermatologist will use liquid nitrogen to freeze the freckles and eliminate them. It is a safe procedure that rarely causes scarring. It may cause a few side effects such as bleeding, hypopigmentation, and blistering.
Though sunscreen cannot remove existing freckles, it assists in preventing new ones from forming. It is advisable to use sunscreen, having an SPF of 30 or more year-round. You should apply it to your bare skin 15 minutes before going out and reapplying every 2 hours.
How can you prevent freckles?
- Avoid going out in the peak hours of sunlight
- When out in the daytime, wear sun-protective clothes and use a hat or umbrella to avoid direct sunlight.
- Apply water-resistant sunscreen having SPF 30 or higher
- Do not get sunburned
Why choose KDC Clinic?
- KDC is an ultra-modern skin clinic having the latest FDA-approved technology and infrastructure.
- At our clinic, you are assured of first-class, result-oriented treatments, emphasizing patients’ satisfaction and affordability.
- The clinic is headed by Dr. Archit Aggarwal, a trusted and skilled dermatologist with hands-on knowledge and expertise in treating various skin and hair disorders.
- He is known to offer the best freckles treatment in Faridabad, using tried and tested therapies and treatments to provide long-lasting, consistent results.