A lot of things can cause skin allergies. Medicines, immune system diseases, and infections are among them. An allergic skin problem occurs when an allergen is responsible for eliciting an immune system reaction. Are you suffering from skin allergy as well? Visit the most leading dermatologist in Faridabad. Do you want to learn more about the cause of skin allergy? Here, we have mentioned few causes of skin allergy, continue reading to learn more.
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Eczema is the most prevalent skin disease, particularly among children. It affects one out of every five infants but only about one out of every fifty adults. It is currently understood to be caused by the skin barrier's "leakiness," which leads it to dry out, get inflamed, and be irritated by various environmental conditions. In addition, some young children having eczema have a dietary sensitivity, which can aggravate the condition. Further, the inheritance of a defective gene in the skin called filaggrin in around half of the patients with severe atopic dermatitis causes the condition. Unlike hives (urticaria), eczema’s itching is not only produced by histamine, so antihistamines may not be effective in controlling your symptoms. Asthma, food allergies, allergic rhinitis (hay fever) are frequently associated with eczema. This sequence of events is called the atopic march.
The immune system's production of histamine causes a type of skin inflammation called Hives. Hives cause tiny blood vessels to leak, resulting in skin swelling. Angioedema is the swelling of the deep layers of the skin. Urticaria is divided into two types: acute and chronic. Acute urticaria can arise after you consume a specific food or coming into contact with a particular trigger. Non-allergic reasons, such as exercise or heat, medicines, foods, infections, or insect bites, can trigger it. Allergy tests are frequently ineffective as specific triggers are rarely the cause of chronic urticaria. Chronic urticaria can linger for months or even years. Hives are not contagious, although they are typically painful and irritating.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
When your skin comes into close contact with an allergen, allergic contact dermatitis develops. If you have a nickel allergy and you come into touch with jewelry that contains even a trace amount of nickel, your skin may become red, scaly, itchy, swollen, or bumpy at the place of contact.
Poison ivy, poison sumac, and poison oak can all produce allergic contact dermatitis if you come into touch with them. An oily coating that covers these plants causes an itching, red rash. When you touch them or touch dogs, clothing, or even gardening equipment that have come into touch with the oil can cause you an allergic reaction.
Angioedema is a condition in which your skin's deep layers swell. It usually occurs with urticaria (hives). Angioedema commonly affects soft tissues like your mouth, eyelids, and genitals. When angioedema occurs for a brief period, like minutes to hours, it is referred to as "acute." An allergic reaction to foods or medicines is the most common cause of acute angioedema. Chronic recurrent angioedema occurs when the illness repeatedly occurs throughout time. It is common for there to be no identifiable cause.
Hereditary Angioedema (HAE)
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare but severe genetic disorder characterized by swelling in different body areas such as the face, hands, feet, intestinal wall, and airways. It is essential to visit a specialist as it does not react to antihistamines or adrenaline treatment.
A streptococcal infection, such as Strep throat, causes rheumatic fever, which is an inflammatory response. It primarily affects children aged 5 to 15. Among the signs and symptoms are tiny painless lumps underneath your skin, swollen tonsils, and a red rash on your skin.
A virus causes mono, often known as mononucleosis. Although it is rarely life-threatening, it can cause the following symptoms: a measle like pink rash, high fevers, and body aches. The most effective dermatologist in Faridabad can accurately diagnose your disease and relieve your symptoms.